We all belong to different groups defined by race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies, but none of these groups define us. We are all individual and unique.


“Each culture is an answer to the question of what is beautiful, true and just – and how to get there” Cammilleri, C. Les conditions de l’interculturel 1990.


Our personal identity includes our group affiliations, and the sum of our social roles and statuses, but what we make out of this material is a unique composition. We position ourselves differently in different situations.

Culture shock

Anyone can experience culture shock when they interact with a person or object from a different cultural background. It challenges the way we think of the other, as well as what we feel and how we see ourselves.


A situation is intercultural when different cultural models or patterns interact with each other. “Intercultural” supposes interaction, process and change.

Intercultural competences

Intercultural competence are skills, attitudes and knowledge that enable the person to face the unexpected with an open mind, ready to learn from losing control of the situation and able to change perspectives.

Spaniards are proud and conceited. Englishmen are affected. Germans are strict and disciplined, and the French are arrogant …” Lots of stereotypes are continuing from generation to generation or are in vogue. They often show just how ignorant the person is. Different ethnic origins and religious beliefs enhance the mutual lack of understanding beyond the boundaries of Europe or in relation to immigrants. How often do you not see that Europeans can not distinguish between Islam and Islamism? The best way to combat prejudice is to allow for Intercultural dialogue..

The European Commission, 2008

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